Dog Breeds


Samoyed is a dog most of the northern breeds focused on man need close contact with him. He is also a master at avoiding conflicts with other dogs. This is a cheerful dog, devoid of aggression and very cheerful.


Samoyed is called the smiling dog of the north. The corners of his lips are slightly raised, which, together with the dark pigment and slightly oblique setting of the eyes, gives the mouth a characteristic expression. He is a friendly animal who needs close contact with the owner. He tolerates physical coercion, unfair treatment and a sharp tone of voice. It may then become fearful, disobedient or inclinable to destruction.

The undoubted advantage of samoyed is that even if we make educational mistakes, we are unlikely to cause him any aggressive behavior.

The representative of this breed usually does not escape from the yard, but the property on which he is staying should be well fenced, because due to his appearance and disposition he often falls prey to thieves. Samojed – although vigilant – will not work as a guardian, is gentle with people and does not arouse respect in intruders.

He gets along well with children, is patient, willing to play, and the role of a fluffy cuddly clearly suits him, but kids need to be taught to handle it properly.

Samoyed usually lives in harmony with their fellow countrymen and is a master at avoiding conflicts. He has a well-developed hunting instinct, which causes him to chase after animals.

Representatives of this breed are noisy, their bark resembles the sound of broken glass and not every owner accepts this. Bitches are usually more talkative than males.

Samoyed adapts well to city life, but is active, lively and needs regular outdoor activities. However, it does not require as intense training as other sled races.


Originally, Samoyeds helped reindeer grazing, participated in hunts, worked in a team, guarded belongings and accompanied children in games. Modern representatives of this breed are mainly family and sport dogs.

They can take part in three-wheeled carts or sleigh races. The teams are divided into classes depending on the number of quadrupeds: class 0 (7-10 dogs at the first stage of the race and at least five at subsequent stages), A (5-8 dogs), B (4-6 dogs) and C (2 -4 dogs). The number is used to identify the breed – for samoyeds (as well as Malamute alaskan and Greenland dogs) it is ‘2’.

You can also practice skijoring, bike joring, dog trekking and can cross. Some representatives of the breed prove themselves in dog therapy. In the British Isles, samoyeds do very well in herding competitions (according to the English classification, the breed belongs to the group of shepherd and herding dogs).

Training and education

Samojed learns quickly and willingly. He can be trained in general obedience, but this requires patience and proper motivation. The clicker method works. Do not repeat the same instructions many times and you cannot exercise too long because the dog is easily frustrated.

Puppies require a gentle but consistent upbringing. You can’t let them do anything, because they will quickly get into bad habits. They should be properly socialized with people, other dogs and new phenomena.

You don’t have to develop a passion for pulling in Samoyed, because it’s in her blood. Instead, he should be taught to work in a team. You can practice with a six-month-old dog, but the physical and mental loads cannot be too high (usually a light tire or a small branch is attached to the harness). Serious training is best started after x-ray of the joints for dysplasia when the dog is 15 months old. Samoyed during growth cannot pull heavy objects or run by the bicycle.

Who is this race for?

Samojeda is not difficult to raise, but you need to show consistency, patience and understanding. This is not a dog for a householder, he needs an owner who will actively spend time with him and devote a lot of attention to him.

Advantages and disadvantages


  • noisy
  • molts abundantly
  • so attached to the owner that he can become possessive


  • excellent family dog
  • gets along well with children
  • active, you can play sport with him
  • intelligent, eager to learn
  • does not show aggression towards people and people
  • suitable for city life
  • easy to maintain


Samoyed is a relatively healthy and resistant breed. Winter is his element – the more snow and the lower the temperature, the better. Rain and humidity don’t bother him either. However, dogs kept in heated rooms are exposed to colds if we leave them outside for too long during freezing weather.

Samoyed tolerates high temperatures quite well, although it usually looks for cooler places to rest. It should not be exposed to prolonged exposure to the sun, and it is best to go for a walk in the early morning or evening.

The representative of this breed has a tendency to hip dysplasia, so it is worth buying puppies after tested and healthy parents. There are hereditary eye diseases – progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) and cataract. Sometimes double-row eyelashes (distichiasis) occur – eyelashes grow towards the eyeball and irritate the sclera, which can lead to blindness due to secondary inflammatory processes.

Some individuals suffer from glomerulonephritis. Older non-castrated males sometimes have prostate problems. A big problem is the problems associated with obesity, especially in older animals. Like most white-colored dogs, samoyed may be prone to allergies and a variety of atopic dermatitis. Remember to regularly protect your pet against ticks, because it is difficult to notice parasites in its lush coat.


Samojeda’s feeding method depends on his age, activity and conditions in which he lives. You can use high-quality ready-made foods for large breeds or homemade food supplemented with calcium-mineral and vitamin preparations. It is worth to include substances supporting joint development in the diet of growing animals (glucosamine and chondroitin). Good results are also served by serving jelly from chicken feet or calf shanks.

Intensely training dogs should get high energy meals, while older or less active ones will be satisfied with a less caloric menu. During molting, you can use cold pressed oils (e.g. linseed, fish), which are an excellent source of unsaturated fatty acids, preparations with biotin or zinc. Do not give dogs food just before exercise, because it can contribute to a stomach twist. We feed the adult samoyed once or twice a day.


The correct samoyed robe is rough, straight, with a dense undercoat and a characteristic gloss. It provides the dog with excellent protection against harsh weather conditions. Bitches have a slightly shorter coat with a more delicate structure.

Contrary to appearances, the white coat is easy to maintain. The representative of this breed molds profusely twice a year (males sometimes once a year). The undercoat falls out first, then the outer coat. Then you need to brush your dog every day with a powder brush to get rid of all the dead fur. If we do not do this, the undercoat can felt and lead to inflammation of the skin.

Dogs spending a lot of time on the catwalk usually lose hair less intensely, and those living in apartments may have little hair all the time. Hair is easy to clean from carpets or upholstery, but there is a lot of it during molting. Apart from the hair cover replacement period, the brush is sampled once a week. Mud and other dirt after drying simply comb.

Samojeda we bathe as needed in good quality shampoos for dogs of white color. A moisturizing or combing conditioner can be used. You also need to check your ears, regularly remove tartar and shorten claws if your dog does not rub them by itself.

The samoyed presents itself at the exhibition in a natural coat, no correction of the coat is allowed. It should be taken a day or two before the show. We dry your pet with a summer stream of air from the dryer, combing his coat from the skin itself.

Representatives of this breed are exposed on a loose ring matched to the color.


We take the dog of this breed for walks in a half-clamp or ordinary collar from the tape (you need to check that the material does not dye the fur on the neck) and on an ordinary leash. If we want a pet to enjoy freedom, let’s take it to a safe area away from traffic.

Some samoyeds, walking loose, do not step away from the owner, while others like to penetrate the area. From the beginning, it is worth paying a lot of attention to learning how to get back on command. If obedience is not our dog’s strength, we must provide him with a lot of tethering (jogging, dog-trekking or sled sports).

Samojeda will take kong toys in which we can hide treats, as well as plush and rubber mascots, cotton cords and natural teethers.


Samoyed belongs to primitive breeds. He was bred by Nenets (also called Samoyeds – hence the name of the breed) living in northern Russia and Siberia between the rivers Ob and Yenisei. Already several thousand years ago, the nomadic tribes used quadrupeds in the type of Spitz to hunt, guard their belongings, and as shepherd and sled dogs. Thanks to living in a hut with a man, samoyed became the most family of all northern races.

It seems that breeding selection took place without admixtures of foreign blood, and modern quadrupeds come in a straight line from dogs accompanying Samoyeds during their migrations.

For the first time seriously interested in self-driving during polar expeditions at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. The Norwegian oceanographer and polar explorer Fridtjof Wedel-Jarlsberg Nansen took white and black and white dogs with him during the expedition to the North Pole in 1894. The Englishman Frederick George Jackson, who in 1894-1897 led the expedition to the land of Franz Joseph, after its completion took most of the participating dogs to Great Britain.

Several of them went to the hands of the British zoologist and polar explorer Ernest Kilburn-Scott and his wife, who are considered the creators of the European breeding line. They already had a brown dog Sabarka from Russia, whom they associated with a white bitch named Whitney Pechora. Neva was born from this relationship, which went to Lady Sitwell kennel. Musti, a snow-white dog she brought in in 1901, started a white samoyed kennel with Whitney Pechora. However, the combination of Neva and Musti was born important for the development of the Olaf Ouss breed.

Overseas, the first breeder of Samoyed was Princess de Montyglon, who received four dogs as a gift from Russian Prince Nicholas. Moustan of Argenteau was among them. In her hands was also the Samoyed Etah, who in 1911 led the Amundsen team for the first trip to Antarctica. The breed also settled in Australia, where it went after Scott’s second attempt to reach the South Pole.

The first samoyeds were shown at the exhibition in Leeds in 1893. Since 1909 the current name of the breed has been in force – earlier the term self-driving sled dog was used. In the same year, the club was created and the pattern was recognized.


Samoyed – group V FCI, section 1, reference number 212

  • Country of origin: Northern Russia and Siberia
  • Patronage: Nordic Kennel Union
  • Size: ideal height at the withers of dogs 57 cm, bitches 53 (+/- 3 cm)
  • Coat: double, consists of a short, delicate, dense undercoat and a longer, harder, straight coat; abundant orifice around the neck and shoulders (especially in males), thigh tops and rich tail hair; on the head and front of the paws the hair is short; on the outside of the ears, the coat is short, raised, smooth, the inside of the ears is very hairy; protective hair should grow between the fingers
  • Ointment: pure white, cream or white and biscuit (basic white with few biscuit markings); it may not look pale brown
  • Maturity: about 1.5 years
  • Lifespan: 9-11 years
  • Weather resistance: high

Interesting facts

In China, there lives a samoyed named Potato , who is famous for being … good at math. The owner taught Potato how to add, subtract, multiply and divide, and the dog barked the correct results. Apparently this samoyed even remembers phone numbers!

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