Polish hound is a medium height, short-haired hunting dog from our country. He is a good companion dog, although he has kept the features that make him a great hunter’s helper. He is also a good watchman.
Polish Hound is an energetic dog who loves any type of outdoor activity. Intelligent and stubborn, sometimes quite difficult to raise. However, properly managed will become an extremely dedicated and gentle family member. They also get along well with other pets. Dogs of this breed are very reserved towards strangers, but they are not prone to aggression. Strong guarding instincts can make them bark at guests and intruders. On a daily basis, however, they are not too noisy.
Polish hound is not a typical companion dog. It was created as help during hunting – so it still has a hunting instinct and a great need for movement. The dog of this breed should be provided with adequate physical and mental activity. A bored and unoccupied pooch can show destructive tendencies and be extremely burdensome for caregivers.
Most Polish hounds like to swim and are happy to retrieve. Thanks to their excellent sense of smell and hunting instincts, they are also great in mantrailing. Polish hunters can also take part in competitions of wild, hunters and rockers. Due to the great need for movement, this dog can accompany jogging, as well as cycling or horse riding.
Polish hound. Training and education
Polish bishops are very temperamental and stubborn quadrupeds, which can cause some problems for beginners. Therefore, they require responsible and consistent guidance. These intelligent and willing to cooperate with dogs are very susceptible to training, but not in the form of coercion.
Beagle puppies should be socialized with other dogs and strangers from an early age. It is also important to take the dog to different places and get used to everyday situations. For dogs living in the garden, do not give up daily walks.
Polish hound, like any hunting dog, needs a lot of movement and adequate psychophysical stimulation. He loves long walks, so the owner should ensure that at least once a week give him a chance to run freely. Although they have strong hunting instincts, with the appropriate work input, they can be trained so that they do not rush into the forest for animals.
Who is this race for?
Polish hound is a breed that needs an active guardian who has time to provide the dog with proper work and dose of movement. It is not recommended for inexperienced and overworked people, and people who are looking for a nice and peaceful couch.
Polish hound. Advantages and disadvantages
Polish hound – what is it like? Learn its pros and cons!
requires a lot of movement and attachment
has a strong hunting instinct
requires consistent upbringing
healthy and resilient
easy to care for
susceptible to training
alert watchman, but not aggressive towards strangers
The wide genetic pool and breeding focused largely on usability make this breed healthy and long-lived, and only genetically-conditioned diseases occur exceptionally. Polish hounds may, however, be prone to otitis. Due to the vigor of dogs of this breed, there are also various injuries to the paws and tendons.
Polish Hound, like any domestic dog, should be fed high-quality dry, wet food or a properly composed home diet. If you prepare your own meals, remember about appropriate supplementation. Dogs of this breed are not very picky or prone to obesity. In the case of working dogs, care should be taken to ensure a higher calorific value of meals.
Care for Polish hounds is not troublesome. Short, shiny coat requires thorough combing once a week. Dogs of this breed do not require frequent bathing, this should only be done when necessary (the dog appears in carrion or extremely poor). Particularly noteworthy are the hounds – lack of proper hygiene and frequent controls can lead to painful otitis, especially in dogs that have the opportunity to swim. Eyes and claws should be cut and cleaned as needed.
Polish hounds should be led on a wide collar or in comfortable suspenders. The leash should be long and equipped with strong snap hooks. For walks in the woods or in the fields should be led on a long cord, if there is no learned effective recall. It is also worth equipping the dog with a physiological muzzle that will allow mating.
The dog’s bed should be adjusted to its size and allow comfortable lying on the side. Durable dog toys can help divert your dog’s attention from destroying other inappropriate things. A properly sized kennel cage can be used as a safe hideout and bed. However, do not keep the dog in it for long hours while guardians are absent.
Polish hound. History
Polish hounds, like the hound and most other European hounds, are descendants of dogs known in the Middle Ages. Hubert. Hounds were brought to Poland both from the west (mainly from France and Italy) and from the east. Hunting with them was written in the fourteenth and seventeenth centuries.
It is known that as early as the nineteenth century hounds were distinguished from hounds. In contrast to Western Europe, there were no par force hunts in the Commonwealth in which the scoundrel and the horsemen chased the game until it rains from exhaustion. The hounds were simply about to drive her on the net or expose the hunter to a shot. They had to have a good sense of smell and be persistent in pursuit. Their melodious voice was also appreciated – after catching the lead they began to bark, but they did it in different ways – depending on the type of game and the situation. This barking was called “playing”.
During World War II, many dogs became extinct. On the basis of those that survived, in the 1950s Colonel Piotr Kartawik and Colonel Józef Pawłusiewicz began breeding. Kartawik dogs were larger, more massive, usually with a saddle padding (red with a black saddle pad on the back). Whereas dogs belonging to Pawłusiewicz were smaller, lighter and darker – usually black and tan. They were used not only for hunting, but also for guarding. Both types were entered in the introductory book of the cynological association under the name “Polish hound”, however, the pattern was developed on the basis of Kartawik dogs.
FCI recognized the Polish hound in 1963. For some time, attempts were made to cross both ‘varieties’, but this did not bring about the intended type equalization – in fact, they were genetically distinct breeds. However, hunters continued to breed “Pawłusiewicz’s hounds” outside the union as working dogs. They were characterized by endurance, agility and sharpness, they were great as wild and hunters, especially in the mountains.
In 1983, the cynological association recognized the existence of a second, separate Polish hound breed, giving it the name “Polish Hound” and opening the introductory book. This is how the official road to the recognition of Polish arrest by the FCI began. The first Polish bishop with pedigree was bred in 1989 – among these dogs was the first champion – Promyk z Cisówka. The breed developed very quickly and gained popularity. More and more hounds took part in exhibitions and finished their championships. They began to win competitions and the first work champions appeared.
In 2000 the main board of the Polish Composers’ Union approved the amendment to the pattern – apart from black and tan, chocolate and tan were considered. This breed was recognized by the FCI in 2006 during the World Dog Show in Poznań.
Every year dozens of litters are born. Now that the breed has been recognized by the FCI, maybe also foreigners will appreciate its advantages.
Polish Hound – group VI FCI, section 1.2, reference number 354
Country of origin: Poland
Character: balanced, gentle, brave, but thoughtful; distrustful of strangers, however non-aggressive, alert, excellent guardian
Size: dogs 55-59 cm, bitches 50-55 cm
Weight: 18-30 kg
Coat: short, hard, stiff and close-fitting, two-layer, dense undercoat; short, silky hair on the head and ears
Color: black and tan, chocolate and tan or red
Lifespan: 14-15 years
Weather resistance: quite high
Polish hound is one of five Polish national races. It was not recognized by the FCI until 2006. However, he is not the youngest breed – he was just not very happy.