Pembroke welsh corgi is a friend of the whole world and a learned student who does not like idleness. Smart and cheerful, though quite barking. Pembroke, however, must have something in itself, since she is the favorite race of Queen Elizabeth.
Pembroke welsh corgi is lively, cheerful and friendly. His strong herd instincts make him stay close to his family, which is why he usually doesn’t tend to roam around. Rather, he does not favor anyone, he is very faithful and becomes attached to all household members.
Due to his patience, the representative of this breed is a great friend of children of all ages. He is gentle with babies, he usually lies down next to him and can spend a few hours like that. The toddlers are great companions for crazy fools. However, older children are partners for more organized games or sports activities. Sometimes corgi pinch-running children, which results from the herding instinct – you have to teach them that.
Pembroke is a quadruped open and cordial towards people. He is not aggressive or distrustful of strangers. To the sound of a bell or a knock on the door, he usually responds with a barking, and after a while, he will say hello to everyone.
A well-bred corgi usually gets along easily with other dogs. However, attacked by a neighbor will not remain indebted. There may be conflicts between individuals of the same sex living under one roof. Pembroke is tolerant of small pets.
The representative of this breed does not like inaction. Movement is very important in his case, because it prevents boredom, allows you to maintain good condition and slim figure. However, a few walks during the day are enough, including one longer (e.g. hour) combined with fun and exercise.
Pembroke does not need much space and feels good in the apartment if we provide him with regular outdoor movement.
In the past, the corgi was herding cattle and sheep – they flocked around the herd, barked and caught disobedient animals for pasterns. They managed to avoid kicks because they are small and agile. They were also used to herd geese and protect against predators, and even to control pests on farms.
Contemporary Pembroke welsh corgi is mainly a companion dog. Because he is active, smart and durable, he is good at some sports: agility, obedience, dog trekking, flyball or frisbee (you should only avoid jumping up and do not do this sport competitively). May participate in herding competitions. Some dogs of this breed work well in dogotherapy.
Pembroke welsh corgi.Training and education
Welsh corgi pembroke has a great memory, learns quickly and willingly works with people. These advantages, however, can cause problems for less experienced owners, because they quickly acquire not only good but also bad habits. Learning should be based on mutual trust, consistency and a gentle approach.
The representative of this breed is a workaholic, he likes to follow the instructions of the owner, so repeating exercises usually is not a problem for him. For some animals, the biggest motivation during training is a bite of food, for others aporting a favorite toy. Puppies require early socialization, they should be acquainted with as many stimuli as possible: different people, other dogs, new situations and sounds. It’s worth using the dog kindergarten.
Corgi has a strong character and always tries to make his way. It requires clear rules. He cannot be allowed anything, because he will quickly subordinate his household members. Toddlers’ games with large adult kinsmen should be supervised because the former can easily get injured.
Who is this race for?
Pembroke is suitable for almost everyone, but requires consistent and wise upbringing. You need to give him a lot of attention and allow the discharge of excess energy. It can accompany families with children as well as older but active people.
Pembroke welsh corgi. Advantages and disadvantages
It molt abundantly twice a year
small amounts of hair are lost all the time
poorly brought up, he has a tendency to dominate
attached to the whole family
gets along well with children
friendly towards people
intelligent, learns quickly
you can do some sports with him
tolerates other animals
easy to care for
suitable for housing
Pembroke welsh corgi. Health
As a descendant of rural dogs Welsh Corgi, Pembroke perfectly tolerates all weather conditions. He likes playing in the snow, he is not afraid of frost and autumn rain. The two-layer coat does not get wet and protects against rain. It tolerates heat well, although it prefers lower temperatures. In the summer, he usually looks for shady places in the garden, and in the apartment, he chooses cool nooks.
Welsh corgi pembroke belongs to the healthiest breeds. As with all achondroplastic dogs (with inhibited growth of long bones with normal development of the trunk and skull bones), juvenile lameness may occur sporadically, which passes with age and usually does not require treatment. It is worth remembering to avoid being overweight, jumping high or climbing stairs too often, which puts a strain on your spine.
Corgi has an unrestrained appetite, so you need to pay attention to the volume and caloric content of meals. Some owners overfeed their pupils, forgetting that, like most pembroke herding dogs, they don’t have high nutritional requirements.
It is most convenient to give him ready-made high-quality food for medium breeds adapted to his age, activity and state of health. If we decide on home-made food, supplement them with calcium, vitamin and mineral preparations.
Puppies may have problems putting their ears in the period of growth and tooth replacement, so it is worth enriching the diet with sticky decoctions of cartilage or crow’s feet. The daily dose for an adult dog should be divided into two meals.
Corgi care is not difficult. It molts abundantly twice a year, when the entire thick undercoat falls out and a moderate amount of coat hair (intensive loss of coat hair is rare). Small amounts of corgi hair are lost all the time, but it is fairly easy to clean.
It’s usually enough to comb your dog once a week using a regular brush, powder box or medium-thick metal comb. However, the furminator will be great for daily care during molting.
The torso on short legs and abundant hair make Pembroke welsh corgi bring a lot of sand and mud into the house. It is enough, however, then comb it and wipe with a damp towel. For baths, choose cosmetics for dogs with medium-length hair (they should not soften or lift hair). You can let the corgi dry on its own (usually it takes several hours) or use a dryer.
The representative of this breed does not require special preparation for the exhibition. He should have clean ears, teeth, fur and trimmed claws. He must also be taught to stand calmly on the table during judging. We present Corgi on a ring adapted to the coat color.
We remove the Corgi in a regular or semi-clamp collar (you need to make sure that the material from which it is made will not dye or wipe the fur on the neck). You can also use braces, but well-fitted and non-binding movements.
To start with, let’s choose an ordinary, fairly long leash – the automatic one will work only with older pets who can walk peacefully. Corgi willingly plays everything that moves, so you can only let him loose in safe places. Embarrassed by birds or squirrels, he forgets about the whole world and sometimes deviates a considerable distance.
Dogs of this breed will be occupied by balls, woven cords, plush and rubber mascots, natural teethers or congresses in which delicacies are placed. It is also worth getting used to pembroke to the transport cage.
Pembroke welsh corgi. History
Welsh corgi is derived from dogs belonging to the Celts, who reached the British Isles before BC. There are two known breeds – cardigan (from Cardiganshire County) and pembroke, which got its name from Pembrokeshire County in southwest Wales.
The word “corgi” probably arose from the combination of “cor” (dwarf) and “gi” (dog) and means a small dog. It may also be associated with “cur” (watchdog) or “corlan gi”, which in Welsh means a dog from a sheep enclosure.
There are many legends associated with the breed. One is about fairies who lived in Wales a long time ago. They mounted strange mounts – small, with short paws, protruding ears and long foxes. When the peasants, absorbed in their daily duties, forgot the world of sorcery, the fairies disappeared from their lives forever. However, they left their quadrupeds as a souvenir.
Children playing by the stream found two animals reminiscent of foxes and took them to the settlement. The adults realized, however, that they were fairies mounts. Corgi then lived with people, learned to guard the bypass and graze farm animals. Apparently, traces of the magic harness can be seen on the red-colored dogs to this day.
The first mention of a corgi comes from 920. In the set of laws, which was developed by the Welsh ruler Hywel Dda, there was a description of a small dog for corgi-like cattle. In those days he was extremely valuable, and for killing him had to pay compensation equivalent to an ox.
Some cynologists believe that Pembroke’s ancestors were Scandinavian Sheepdogs brought to the British Isles by Vikings. Others say that it was only the Spitz brought around 1107 by Flemish weavers that contributed to the breed. Swedish vallhund (also called the Goth dog) is considered the ancestor of pembroke.
Until the end of the 19th century, Corgi was village dogs. However, changes in the economy caused that interest in them decreased. At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, they appeared at several agricultural exhibitions next to the inventory, thanks to which breeders and fans of purebred dogs drew their attention to them. In 1925, the first corgi club in Carmarthen was established.
Three years later, the breed was shown at the Crufts exhibition. Initially, cardigans and pembrokes were considered varieties of the same breed and they were crossed with each other. Individuals with no tail were recorded as pembrokes, and those with a long tail as cardigans. In 1934, the breeds were separated and separate patterns were developed (they must not be combined).
An important figure in the history of Pembroke’s Welsh Corgi was Thelma Evans, in whose breeding Rozavel Red Dragon was born, a dog found in almost all pedigrees of modern representatives of the breed.
The greatest lover of the corgi is Queen Elizabeth II, who in 1933 as a Princess of Wales received from her father, King George VI, a dog named Rozavel Golden Eagle, known as Dookie. Pembroks delighted the royal family so much that even today a large herd lives in Buckingham Palace. Another lover of the breed was Tasha Tudor – cartoonist and fairy tale writer, who made these little quadrupeds heroes of her stories.
Welsh corgi pembroke – group I FCI, section 1, reference number 39
Country of origin: Great Britain
Size: height at the withers 25-30 cm; dogs weight 10-12 kg, bitches 9-11 kg
Coat: medium length, straight, with a dense undercoat; it cannot be soft, curly or rough
Color: uniformly red, dark brown or fawn, black and tan, also with white markings on the legs, chest and neck; a small amount of white on the head and mouth is allowed
Maturity: 2 years
Lifespan: 12-15 years
Weather resistance: high
Two breeds: corgi cardigan and pembroke – they differ in details of appearance and character, both varieties are, however, strong-bodied dogs, short-legged, with fairly short, thick coat and large standing ears. Peppy, intelligent, barking and cheerful.
Compared to a cardigan, Pembroke has a slightly more triangular head and shorter ears – pointed and set on higher. His torso is not so elongated and his forelegs are straight. It also has a higher set tail, which can be long or naturally short.