Dog Breeds

Newfoundland dog

The Newfoundland’s gentleness and friendly attitude can make even an esthete shake off any pollen forgive him for the mess he makes. Newfoundland is a large, covered with thick, thick fur, intended to insulate him from cold water with a balanced dog and temperament.


Newfoundland is a calm, balanced, patient, brave and non-aggressive dog. He will feel best at home with the garden, but he must have permanent access to it.

Very attached to the family, requires close contact with people. It will easily endure your absence for several hours, but isolating him permanently in the pen can affect his mind. The unhappy, lonely Newfoundland effectively makes the home and neighbors’ lives miserable.

Representatives of this breed are excellent companions of children, they have the opinion of caring nannies. However, they should not be left alone with the children unattended – because of their size, they can easily tip them over, e.g. by wagging their tail.

Newfoundland is inherently gentle towards people and treats even strangers with kindness. So it won’t work as a guardian, although in exceptional situations it can stand up for its owner. He is also not a dog for aesthetes who value order and tidiness – he brings a lot of mud into the house, splashes water from a bowl, sometimes drooling heavily.

Newf is tolerant of other dogs, often creates strong bonds with the quadrupeds with whom he lives or often meets (it’s good to get him a companion dog). He never overuses his strength and does not provoke fights, but when attacked, he always defends himself. He will accept his own cat, but he will definitely chase away the stranger. He sometimes chases a hare or deer, and even hunt poultry.

Although it has moderate activity, long walks are necessary to keep it healthy, especially if swimming and playing in the water are part of it.



Originally, Newfoundland was used to help pull fishing nets and as sled dogs to carry heavy loads. A unique feature of the breed is the passion for work in water, which is used in water rescue. On a daily basis calm and quite phlegmatic quadrupeds in the water become agile and fast. They can tow a boat to shore, jump from a speeding motorboat, helicopter or high bridge.

Thanks to the perfect sense of smell, they are suitable for finding missing or buried people, as well as for searching corpses underwater and on land.

Although nowadays Newfoundland is mainly companion dogs, more and more owners are training them to work in water. Associations promoting such activities are established, which cooperate with the water police and rescue groups. In many countries – also in Poland – certification and water championships are organized during club exhibitions.

Training and education

Newfoundland is a dog of high intelligence, disciplined and willing to interact with people. He learns willingly, he remembers commands easily, but he quickly gets bored, which is why trainings must be varied.

The representative of this breed requires a consistent, patient and gentle approach – he does not tolerate brutal treatment. You should also remember that this is a heavy dog ​​that gets tired quite quickly, so you should take breaks while learning and always have a supply of water with you – during intense work can drink 2-3 liters.

Training should start with a small puppy, preferably in a dog kindergarten. At the same time, you should also start learning how to work in water, taming a toddler with dipping his head and picking up various objects from the bottom of the dish or in shallow water. After such preparation, he will be able to practice jumping and diving in deep waters without any stress.

Who is this race for?

Gentle and good-natured Newfoundland, contrary to appearances, is not a dog for everyone. Not suitable for busy people, physically and mentally weak. The owner must devote time to raising and training a pet, as well as the high costs of maintaining it.

Advantages and disadvantages


  • high maintenance costs
  • requires labor-intensive and systematic care
  • sometimes drooling heavily
  • brings a lot of mud into the house


  • very attached to the owner
  • mild and tolerant
  • an excellent friend of children
  • accepts other pets
  • intelligent, learns quickly
  • willingly cooperates, if you deal with it calmly and consistently


Newfoundland is a strong and rather resistant dog. However, like most large breeds, it is prone to hip dysplasia (x-rays with A, B or C results required for breeding), elbow and knee and gastric torsion and dilatation.

Occasionally, hereditary metabolic disease of the urinary system (cystinuria) is characterized by the excretion of an increased amount of the amino acid cystine in the urine, which leads to the formation of kidney stones. Clubs of the breed recommend carrying out tests for carrying this disease.

Occasionally there are the heart and circulatory system diseases – aortic subaortic stenosis and patent ductus arteriosus – that can lead to sudden, premature death. There are also defects in eyelid positioning, food allergies and skin problems most often resulting from a lack of proper care.

Dogs of this breed should not be allowed to lie on cold ground or concrete – especially when wet – do not fall ill with cystitis and kidney inflammation. Rapidly growing puppies do not enjoy intense play with large active dogs, as they can cause excessive strain on joints and tendons.

Newfoundland comes from a cold climate area, which is why it tolerates low temperatures perfectly, but is sensitive to heat. In summer, it needs a shady place to rest and even more water than usual. He should be taken for walks early in the morning and evening, and allowed to swim.



Newfoundland is a primitive breed, shaped in difficult conditions, therefore it perfectly uses food. Meals should not be too abundant so that they do not burden the stomach, but they must be valuable.

You can use ready-made food for giant breeds, adjusted to the dog’s activity and age, or you can prepare food consisting mainly of meat or fish, a small amount of rice, fruit and vegetables. Several times a week, yogurt, kefir and white cheese are served. A home diet must be supplemented with calcium and vitamin preparations, and in molting periods supplements may be added to improve coat and skin condition, containing biotin, zinc and unsaturated fatty acids.

Newfoundland bone feeding is not recommended because swallowed in large chunks can cause stomach problems. Growing puppies should receive calcium preparations and joint protectors (with glucosamine and chondroitin), as well as jellies from overcooked cartilage.

The daily portion for an adult dog must be divided into at least two meals and give him a four-hour rest after eating. You should also remember about constant water refilling, as Newfoundland drinks much more than other dogs.


Newfoundland coat is dense and abundant, which is why its care requires a lot of work. The dog of this breed molts most intensively in the spring when it loses a large amount of soft undercoat. You have to comb it every day to get rid of dead hair faster and prevent the formation of tangles. This is best done with a metal comb with long and rare teeth, a powder brush and an ordinary thin brush.

Before the treatment, the coat can be sprayed with a preparation that facilitates combing or – if it is very dry – mink oil (you need to massage it into your hair and then comb it). Outside of the molting period, it is enough to brush the dog once every few days. Regularly cut your hair between your fingers, fingertips and under your ears.

We bathe Newfoundland about every two months in shampoos for long-haired dogs (with the addition of mink oil) or to prevent irritation (e.g. with tea tree oil). If it swims often, you should always remember to dry the inside of the ears, because moisture promotes the development of fungal diseases and inflammation.

We start preparing the newfoundland for the exhibition with a bath and thorough drying of the coat. Then we trim the hair on the limbs, under the throat, on the head and ears so that the animal looks neat. We use ordinary scissors and thinning scissors. Hair correction requires experience, so it’s better to get the help of a specialist who will shape your hair according to your dog’s build and coat type.

We need to teach our pupil calm behavior in the ring while checking teeth and construction. Because he is a hairy dog, the judge must touch him to assess the anatomy. We present a representative of this breed on a ring (you have to get used to it before) or on a chain and a short leash.



We take a small Newfoundland for walks in a leather collar (without felt) or from tape and on a long strong leash. An older, well-behaved puppy can be used with a loosely fastened clamp chain – it does not knead or tangle the abundant hair around the neck.

The best toys for a dog of this breed are large balls, which he gladly carries in his mouth and retrieves. Avoid small items as they may swallow or choke on them. It is also not recommended to play in dragging, because it can cause the curvature of the shallowly embedded incisors.


The first messages suggesting the origin of Newfoundland relate to the Vikings, who centuries ago invaded North America and the Labrador Peninsula. In addition to large domestic animals, the expeditions were accompanied by dogs that remained in the conquered areas.

Around 1000, Norwegian Leif Eriksson was to bring a large black quadruped named Oolum to the North American continent. It was so-called a bear dog used for guarding and hunting big game. The proof of the validity of the theory about the Scandinavian roots of Newfoundland is to be to find the remains of similar quadrupeds during archaeological excavations around L’Anse aux Meadows in Newfoundland.

However, there is also a theory that Newfoundland is a Native American race. Studying the bones of Indian dogs, Fred Stubbart suspected that these animals may have been from a Tibetan mastiff, which in turn originates from ancient dogs. They came from the Far East through Aleuty and Alaska along with the ancestors of American Indians.

In turn, another researcher, Theodor Studer, analyzing the skulls of dogs from Newfoundland, found in the similar construction features as in the prehistoric dog (canis familiaris inostranzewi), who is considered the progenitor of the Tibetan Mastiff and many other breeds, including Bernardines , Pyrenean dogs or Elkhunds .

In the mid-nineteenth century, Newfoundland lived several hundred large quadrupeds with black or white and black color. Black Newfoundland is probably the descendants of the already mentioned Viking dogs, who arrived on the island around the 11th century. For several centuries they evolved in isolation and specific climatic conditions.

Ultimately, the type of dog with a tendency to work in the water became established when from the 16th century European sailors began to bring with them mastiffs, spaniels, water dogs and hunting dogs.

Black and white Newfoundland can come from English white or white and brown butcher dogs, much larger than local quadrupeds. Crossing with black Newfoundland, they gave rise to a black and white variety named after the known painter landser (not to be confused with the modern breed of this name).


Initially, only black and white quadrupeds were imported into England, while other European countries imported black dogs. They differed from modern representatives of the breed not only in their coat color, but also in size, build, and often in the type of coat – there were individuals with rough or curly hair.

Type determination occurred in Europe. To achieve the desired large size and abundant, fairly long hair, breeders probably added mastiff and spaniel blood. The first template was approved in 1886.

In Poland, Newfoundlands were already known in the interwar period. At the end of the 1950s, two black bitches were brought from the GDR almost at the same time. Edmund Drzymulski brought Astrid v. Juring to Świerkowa Polana kennel, and Józef Hołyński Podkowa kennel was initiated by Carola v. Falkenhorst. The first brown bitch was imported from Germany in 1994.

Soon after, the first black and white bitch and the next brown ones were imported from our western neighbors. In 1996, a black and white male came from Norway, who was the first stud of this color to leave offspring.


Newfoundland – Group II FCI, section 2, reference number 50

  • Country of origin: Canada
  • Size: height at the withers of dogs 71 cm, bitches 66 cm; Deviations of a few centimeters are allowed while maintaining proportions
  • Coat: double-layer, waterproof; undercoat soft and very dense, overcoat elastic, of moderate length, straight, without curls (slight wavy allowed); on the facial part of the head and front edge of the limbs short; longer hair forms a feather
    on the forelegs, craps on the rump, and abundant tail putty
  • Color: black and white, black, brown; in uniform varieties, white markings on the chest and fingers are allowed
  • Maturity: 2 years
  • Lifespan: 10-12 years
  • Weather resistance: medium

Interesting facts

Newfoundland is characterized by a strong instinct for pulling people and objects out of the water, which is why rescue training is based on strengthening their innate predispositions and taking them under control – otherwise overzealous dogs would not allow people to swim at all!

Newf for water work, although to a limited extent, also trains fire brigade. In Poland, Newfoundland is also used to search for corpses in water – this type of training is carried out by the police. The use of Newfoundland in this direction is unique in Europe.

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