Dog Breeds

Miniature pinscher

The Miniature Pinscher is a small, shapely, proportionately built, short-haired pooch with fairly long legs and a straight back, black and tan or red color. Devoid of dwarfism, it is a miniaturized version of the medium pinscher. Intelligent, active and very lively. Sometimes barking and feisty towards other dogs.


The Miniature Pinscher is a mobile, active, cheerful and playful animal. He has a great temperament and a nice disposition. He is jealous of your favors and likes to be favored. He usually chooses one person who gives him the most affection, but is also friendly towards other household members. He is inquisitive and sociable, he endures closure, harsh treatment and excessive teasing. Sometimes distrustful of unknown people, but he should not react in an overly aggressive way.

Miniature pinscher


The Miniature Pinscher is an intelligent, loyal dog, attached to the owner and – for its small size – very brave, fierce and tenacious. He is an excellent watchman, very alert, reacting to the smallest suspicious murmur. Although it is quite loud, it does not torment the household members with constant barking.

You can also count on him when it comes to exterminating mice and rats, because he is an excellent and brave rat (hence the colloquial name – ratler), very fierce and tenacious.

Training and education

He cannot be brought up in isolation, he must learn about his surroundings and make friends with other dogs. Often, oversensitive caregivers fear that their pet is constantly in danger. We must remember that this dog is not a mascot, but a strong animal with a strong character. If we limit his normal contact, he may grow into a dog unable to intercourse with him without conflict.

Miniature pinscher

Ratlerek learns easily and is very thorough. He is good at obedience competitions and on the agility track. It requires regular walks, otherwise, it may become too excitable. When hiking, he often follows the trail. He is not afraid of winter walks, provided they are reasonably dosed.

Who is this race for?

Pinscher will be an excellent family dog ​​wherever there are peace and stability. Anyone who devotes a lot of attention to it, will gain in him a devoted friend. At home, where something is always going on, it can be quite a pain. Also not suitable as a companion for very young children, those whose behavior is difficult to predict. Despite the small size, the pinscher is endowed with a strong, strong character and can use teeth in stressful situations.

Advantages and disadvantages

  • excitable, responsive
  • has a tendency to bark
  • can be aggressive towards other dogs
  • sometimes possessive and jealous
  • zmarźluch
  • good loyal companion
  • active, but he is not a workaholic
  • despite short stature, long walks are not a problem for him
  • you can play sports with him
  • economical to maintain
  • easy to care for


This breed enjoys good health and is long-lived. Pinschers are eager to go even for very long walks. They are relatively resistant to weather conditions, but for the winter it is worth giving them warm clothes.

Miniature pinscher


It requires a small amount of food. You need to control the size of his meals and do not overdo it with treats, because the breed is often prone to overweight.


Keeping it clean is very easy – just comb the dog with a soft brush or comb and wipe with a chamois or a flannel cloth. Baths can be kept to a minimum. Thick pinscher hair rarely falls out, so we should not have problems with molting. Instead, the length of the claws should be checked regularly and, if they do not wear off, be sure to shorten them. You should also take care of your teeth, e.g. by spraying them with a special preparation to prevent tartar buildup.


For brushing a pinscher, a bristle brush with a fairly dense, even bristle or a rubber comb with soft protrusions is best used.


Miniature Pinscher, also called a ratler, is the smallest of the three existing Pinscher breeds. It should be an ideal copy of a medium or doberman pinscher in miniature (of course, taking into account certain changes in body proportions that occur during miniaturization, but without dwarfism).

His immediate ancestor is the German Pinscher, which has been around for a long time. Breeders took advantage of the fact that medium-sized dogs smaller than average appear in pinscher litters. By using a strict selection, consisting of selecting the smallest animals for breeding, they soon managed to breed a dog not exceeding 30 cm at the withers.

The popular pinscher has been bred for several hundred years. He was eagerly kept in rural farmhouses and in large cities, especially in port districts. There, he helped fight rodent plagues, mainly rats and mice. The word “pinscher” in German means “pincer” and aptly characterizes the biting nature of this little dog. How old this breed is can be seen from the fact that in the painting from the Louvre from 1640, entitled “Peasant’s Family” (“The Peasant’s Family”), a dog very similar to today’s pinscher has been immortalized. Apparently, the blood of the Italian greyhound and dachshund also flows in the ratler’s veins.

Miniature pinscher

In German territories and in Scandinavia, the miniature pinscher appeared long before it was considered a separate breed. In 1895 the German Pinscher Lovers Club was created, later transformed into the Pinscher and Schnauzer Lovers Club. This dog first appeared in public in 1900 at an exhibition in Stuttgart. The Americans immediately imported several specimens and in 1929 founded the American Miniature Pinscher Club.

An important event for the breed was for the pinscher to get first place in the group of toy dogs at the Chicago exhibition. Today it is a very popular dog in Belgium and Switzerland. In the 1950s, he reached France and England, where he also gained many supporters. In Poland, miniature pinschers have been known for a long time. In the post-war years, they were very popular and presented in large numbers.


Miniature Pinscher – Group II FCI, section 1.1, reference number 185

  • Country of origin:  Germany
  • Size:  dogs and bitches – 25 to 30 cm
  • Weight:  dogs and bitches – 4 to 6 kg
  • Coat: short and dense, smooth, close-fitting, shiny, without glare
  • Color:  uniform – deer red, light red to dark red; black and tan – shiny black with red markings
  • Maturity:  2-3 years
  • Lifespan:  12-15 years
  • Weather resistance:  medium

Interesting facts

Ratlers are usually called small, shaking dogs with an apple-like head, bulging eyes and stick-thin legs, and therefore dwarf features. They are dogs without pedigree or with false pedigrees, sold by pseudo breeders. However, in fact, there is a race similar to them, having dwarf features, but not so extreme – it is the Prague Ratler, or pražský krysařík – a Czech race, recognized only in its homeland.

A characteristic feature of the American type miniature pinscher is the way of walking. This is called “Horse-drawn horse gait”, or hackney, consisting of high wrists at the trot. At present, animals with normal modes of movement are preferred in Europe. They should resemble Doberman on the move.

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