The field spaniel at home is calm and rarely barks. However, it should be remembered that this is a dog that requires time and attention. He doesn’t like loneliness and needs constant contact with people.
Field spaniel is a dog extremely gentle towards people. Although it presents high activity, it is also balanced. He is characterized by sociable character and a great attachment to man. This enthusiastic and joyful animal shows this by wagging his tail forever. He is not timid, although he behaves with a reserve in relation to strangers. Similarly applies to children.
At home, the field spaniel is calm. Rarely barks. However, it should be remembered that this is a dog that requires time and attention. He doesn’t like loneliness and needs constant contact with people. It should not be left alone. Too little movement and lack of interest can make him bored and find a job himself, not necessarily in line with our expectations – most often in the form of significant changes in the appearance of the house. When he is crazy, he will be easy to get home.
The field spaniel is friendly and eager to play with other dogs, but due to its dominant character he often tries to subordinate the rest of the herd. He accepts cats and rodents, if he was raised with them.
High intelligence makes the field spaniel learn quickly, but as a typical hunting dog, he is independent and stubborn. He also shows a great tendency to dominate in the herd. Perfect for hunting in harsh conditions as a fluffer, hunter and retriever.
Field spaniel. Training and education
Because this breed was created to cooperate with man, its representatives are eager to learn new commands and tricks, but only if they see some sense in it. Therefore, an obedient and independent field spaniel needs an experienced guide.
Who is this race for?
Field spaniels are suitable for active people. They are not the best choice for a family with small children, but they prove themselves as companies of older children and physically active youth. They are not suitable as guard dogs or guard dogs.
Field spaniel. Advantages and disadvantages
bored can destroy
friendly to other dogs
Field spaniel. Health
Dogs of this breed are usually healthy and resistant. Their breeders attach importance to the fact that only dogs completely free from genetic diseases are reproduced.
The most common complaints are inflammation of the ears, which occurs in all folded dogs, usually as a result of neglect by the owners of proper care.
Occasionally, field spaniels suffer from genetic diseases such as hip dysplasia, hereditary renal failure, eye diseases, heart defects, and hypothyroidism.
Field spaniel. History
In the 19th century, Field Spaniel became a caricature of a spaniel with a long torso on short legs and an extremely strong bone. Unlike other breeds, however, he was lucky, because this appearance became the subject of harsh criticism, which resulted in the renewal of the breed – which resulted in the proportional spaniel that we know today.
In the nineteenth century in Great Britain, the wealth of local types of quadrupeds was limitless and on the basis of them, attempts were made to breed pure breeds. At first, it was not uncommon for siblings from one litter to be assigned to different breeds based on weight. For example, the dog considered the ancestor of modern English Cocker Spaniels , born in 1879. Obo, had a sussex spaniel father and mother field spaniel.
The beginnings of field spaniels are unknown. In the nineteenth century, spaniels were divided depending on their intended use for terrestrial called field spaniels and evident. Among the land spaniels there were many varieties that were crossed with each other. T. Jacobs is considered the first field breeder (1880s). He had many types of these dogs in his kennel and, assuming that all spaniels form one breed, he crossed different types.
The beginning of the field spaniels was probably given by his crosses of black land spaniel bitches with brown sussex spaniels.
At the end of the 19th century, two kennels were known: P. Bullock and WW Boulton, and they are mentioned as creators of field spaniels. Breeding of the breed was then focused only on the external appearance, and utility was completely neglected. For the judges at the shows, the shiny black coat and the longest possible body on short legs were important. Even basset hound blood was added, which made the dogs even heavier. They were not appreciated by hunters, both because of their color (not enough masking) or their structure – short paws meant that the dog was less efficiently stuck through the brushwood.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the breed seemed to be in danger of extinction. Fashion ended her at shows, and these dogs were not suitable for utility purposes. In the 1920s, lovers of the breed took radical actions to renew and heal it. In 1923 a breed club was established in Great Britain. Its members primarily sought to restore the hunting spaniel field.
So the representative of this breed was crossed with cocker and springer spaniels, thanks to which a functional spaniel with long legs, which we know to this day, was created.
Until the 1970s, when the interest in the breed revived, the club had few members. Currently, it has over 350 and is involved not only in organizing work trials, but also in exhibitions and seminars of an educational nature, also conduct activities to promote the health of these dogs.
Field spaniel – group VIII FCI, section 2, reference number 123
Weight: according to the standard 18-25 kg, in practice bitches weigh 18-20 kg, and males up to 30 kg
Coat: medium length, smooth, silky; dense and waterproof; creates a generous feather on the ears, breast, stomach, tail and back of the paws
Ointment: liver, black, roan and each of these colors with tan, white or roan markings on the chest are allowed in single-breed dogs
Lifespan: 8 years
Vulnerability to training: high, but stubborn
Activity: high, needs a lot of movement, but is not overactive
Resistance/susceptibility to diseases: very resistant; however, it is susceptible to ear infections, occasionally hip dysplasia, hereditary renal failure and eye diseases
Possibility to buy a puppy: currently only abroad
This breed belongs to the little known. It is estimated that around 5,000 live in the world. its representatives. Currently, the largest population is in the United States, Great Britain and Scandinavian countries.