Dog Breeds

Czechoslovakian wolfdog

The Czechoslovakian wolfdog is one of the two breeds recognized by the FCI from the cross between a German shepherd and a wolf. The second breed is Saarlooswolfhond bred in the Netherlands. While saarloos was supposed to be a companion dog, the wolfdog was created as a service dog.


Czechoslovakian wolfdog is an extremely active, alert and intelligent dog. He easily gets attached to his guardian and tolerates loneliness very badly. He treats his close family members with affection and approaches strangers with a large dose of distrust. In relation to children, wolfdogs usually do not show aggression, but irritated they can snarl and even grab their teeth by the hand. Therefore, do not leave them unattended with children. Wilczak does not choose one master, he treats the whole family as his flock and gives him his arms. He also has a strong territorial instinct, so he will not let an uninvited guest into the property. Despite the high resistance to weather conditions, it is not suitable for living only in the garden – a deprived human being will quickly go wild and may become dangerous.

Dogs of this breed get along quite well with other dogs, as long as they were used to the company of other pets. However, deficiencies in socialization can lead to aggression and even treat other dogs as wild game. Most quadrupeds are not able to cope with the strength of the wolfdog, hence such attacks very often end in serious injuries and even death of a second dog.

Czechoslovakian wolfdog

Many dogs of this breed suffer from separation anxiety and in the absence of man demolish everything he is able to reach. This condition is very difficult for the wolf to eradicate, so the breed is not recommended for people who spend a lot of time away from home. Wolfdogs also require a large dose of activity – the most suitable for them are long, several-hour trips in the woods, away from the city noise and people. However, even a three-hour active walk will not be able to properly exhaust the dog of this breed. Therefore, it is worth finding the wolfdog some mental activity, for example tracking that will exhaust his huge amounts of energy.


The wolfdog harmoniously combines dog and wolf features. Independence and incredible endurance, combined with the devotion of the guardian inherited from the sheepdog and the desire to defend the owner and territory, make him an excellent guard dog. Wilczak also works well as a mountain rescuer and avalanche dog.

Czechoslovakian wolfdog. Training and education

The young wolfdog should be brought up in very close contact with people and be subject to intensive socialization with both men and other dogs. Lack of proper socialization may result in anxiety and aggression towards people, as well as the desire to hunt for smaller quadrupeds, which may end tragically for the victim chosen by this dog.

If we want to live with our wolfdog in the city, we will have to work hard to get the puppy used to the human environment. Dogs of this breed have great difficulties in adapting to the urban bustle, so they should be very early, but with great sensitivity and gradually, exposed to such an environment.

Czechoslovakian wolfdog

Although susceptible to training, the wolfdog will never blindly obey. You have to be very consistent in his upbringing, but coercion will not be achieved much. This dog is bored quickly, he does not like monotonous training, which can endure, for example, the German Shepherd. With the right motivation and positive methods, these dogs can be great companions in sports such as utility tracking. However, their innate vigilance and quick responses to the environment can make dogs of this breed have difficulty concentrating on their work.

If the wolfdog is properly brought up, he will very well arrange his relationship with children and various pets. He has a strong herd instinct and includes all members of his household, not just bipeds.

Who is this race for?

Definitely not a breed for everyone. The Czechoslovakian wolfdog needs an owner who first understands his specific needs and provides him with adequate socialization; secondly, as a working dog, it will ensure mental and physical development. Having such a dog in urban conditions may prove too difficult, the Czechoslovakian wolfdog is also not recommended for people spending a lot of time outside the home.

Czechoslovakian wolfdog. Advantages and disadvantages

Czechoslovakian wolfdog – what is it like? Learn its pros and cons!


  • has many wolf traits that make him a difficult dog
  • it requires extremely careful socialization
  • can be shy, especially in urban conditions
  • often suffers from separation anxiety
  • molts abundantly
  • has a very strong hunting instinct


  • very attached to the guide
  • healthy and durable
  • has a fantastic sense of smell
  • easy to care for
  • rarely barks


This breed is generally very healthy and resistant, and its endurance is almost legendary. Czechoslovakian wolfdogs are not burdened with any genetic disease, only a small percentage of the population is carriers of iliac and elbow dysplasia. Dogs of this breed are long-lived – despite their really impressive sizes, they live up to 13 years.

Czechoslovakian wolfdog


Czechoslovakian wolfdog is a relatively fussy dog. He likes the diet, consisting of fresh meat and bones with a small addition of plants. However, properly selected, high-quality food for dogs of large breeds will also be suitable for him. It should be remembered that meals prepared at home need to be supplemented with basic minerals, especially if we decide to feed the dog with cooked food.


Czechoslovakian wolfdog does not require too intensive care. The main treatments include brushing his fur, which can fall out profusely during molting periods. Claws, eyes and ears are also noteworthy, which should be checked frequently.

Wolfdogs love mud baths, wallowing in the sand and aromatic carrion. In most cases, the dirt stuck to the coat requires only thorough brushing after drying, but from time to time we will not avoid bathing this dog.


The Czechoslovakian wolfdog needs a large, comfortable bed on which it will be able to unfold on its side. Dogs of this breed are best walked in solid braces of the guard type or on a wide collar. The leash for the wolfdog should be standard, strong, with solid carabiners. The dog of this breed will also need a comfortable physiological muzzle and a set of brushes and trimmers for removing dead undercoat.


Wolfdog breeding began with a biological experiment. In 1955, Karel Hartl, considered the father of the breed, at the border guard breeding station began attempts to cross the dog ( German Shepherd ) with the wolf.

The first puppies were born in 1958. Hartl wanted to find out how such a crossbreed affects the fertility of hybrids and what the inheritance of the exterior and character looks like. Soon after, hybrids began to be experimentally trained for border guard service. They trained quite well, but only those that were taken from their mother early and brought up in close contact with people. In addition to appearance and distrust, they have inherited a great deal of strength from the wolf; after German Shepherd – susceptibility to training.

After the experiment, it was decided to create a new breed of dog with good performance characteristics. Five lines were derived from which all modern wolfdogs come from. For the last time, wolf blood was introduced in 1983. Since then, the breeding books have been closed and breeding started in the purity of the breed.

The first attempt to enter a wolfdog in the introductory book in 1966 ended in failure. In 1982, a Breeders’ Club was founded in Brno. In the same year, the wolfdog was recognized as a national breed in Czechoslovakia. Shortly afterward the first exhibition and bonitation took place. From then on, interest in dogs grew rapidly. In 1989, the FCI initially recognized the breed.

Czechoslovakian wolfdog

After the collapse of Czechoslovakia in 1993, the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog club was divided. Slovakia took patronage over the breed, but changes in the pattern are allowed only with the consent of both clubs (Czech and Slovak). In 1999, the breed was fully recognized by the FCI (with the right to interchampionship). Wilczak was entered into group I as a dog subject to labor tests (IPO).


Czechoslovakian wolfdog – group I FCI, section 1, reference number 332

  • Country of origin: former Czechoslovakia (patronage: Slovakia)
  • Character: active, durable, obedient, brave, distrustful
  • Size: withers dogs – min. 65 cm, bitches – min. 60 cm
  • Weight: dog at least 26 kg, bitch at least 20 kg
  • Coat: straight, close-fitting; in winter with a heavy undercoat
  • Ointment: from yellowish gray to silvery-gray with a characteristic light mask
  • Lifespan  13-16 years
  • Weather resistance:  high

Interesting facts

In recent years, the Czechoslovakian wolfdog has grown in popularity. This is not good news because most people are unaware of the difficulties involved in raising these dogs. They are captivating with their wolf-like appearance and, without thinking much, buy wolfdogs as family dogs.

A wolf-dog as a working dog is required to be fit and strong. One of the breeding requirements in Slovakia is an endurance run over a distance of 40 km. By FCI, such a fitness test entitles you to receive a certificate of performance and an International Beauty Champion. On the other hand, running on a distance of 70 and 100 km entitles to obtain the title of International Labor Champion.

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