Broholmer – “Danish Dog” is a breed reconstructed by its lovers from Scandinavia. A large, quite massive, but not sluggish dog with a short coat and large massive head. Balanced, brave, patient with children. These vigilant dogs, even without special training, will work well as a guardian.
In appearance, the broholmer resembles a typical big dog. However, it is lighter than the English Mastiff. In Denmark, it is considered a national treasure.
In Denmark, broholmers are trained, among others towards defense. These vigilant dogs, even without special training, will work well as a guardian. Broholmer is caring and patient with children and other pets. This is a family dog, not suitable for keeping on the catwalk or in a pen. Every day, he needs close contact with people. It is quite active and requires a lot of traffic.
Broholmer. Training and education
Broholmer is a dog capable of training and learning. The breed was bred as a guard dog, so it can show some independence. Positive methods combined with consistency work best for this dog.
Who is this race for?
It is even suitable for a novice owner. Lovers of the breed say that who once had a broholmer will remain loyal to this breed. The fact that the breed club only allows dogs with good character contributes to this.
Broholmer. Advantages and disadvantages
expensive to maintain
due to its size, it is not very suitable for keeping in an apartment
not suitable for living in a playpen
easy to lay
mild and balanced
caring for children
healthy for a giant race
As in large dogs, hip and elbow dysplasia occur in the breed, but the Danish club requires owners to perform x-rays, which effectively limits the occurrence of these diseases. Occasional skin problems occur, but dogs that are susceptible to them are eliminated from breeding.
As a giant breed, especially during growth, the broholmer needs a balanced, good quality feed that provides all the necessary ingredients. Even in adult dogs, the daily food dose should be divided into 2-3 smaller portions due to the risk of gastric expansion and twist.
The breed does not require complicated care – during the molting period it is best to brush the dog daily and bathe from time to time. In addition, you should check the condition of your ears.
Broholmer, also known as the Great Dane or Danish Mastiff, is an old Danish breed that was recreated on the basis of the few surviving individuals. The ancestors of Danish dogs were probably dogs brought from Britain to Denmark by Vikings. Later, they were crossed with former German Great Danes, and in the 17th century with English Mastiffs.
Danish dogs accompanied the nobility and guarded her possessions. On peasant farms, they guarded cattle and drove them to the market. That is why they were called butcher dogs. They also took part in hunting wild boars. They were highly valued at the royal court. King Frederick VII and his wife, Princess Danner, were great lovers of these dogs. Interestingly, regardless of sex, each broholmer of the king was named Tyrk, and every duchess’s dog was called Holger.
Around 1850, court hunter Count Niels Frederik Sehested – seeking to equalize type – began planned breeding. He gave puppies for free, but only to people who undertook to support the development of the breed. It became quite popular then, and in honor of Sehested, she was called “broholmer” – from the castle of Broholm, the count’s estate.
In the years 1859-1929 the Broholmer breeding was also run by the Copenhagen Zoo. About 200 puppies were born there. Broholmer bitches also helped to raise small cubs. In 1886, the first dog show in Denmark took place, and then a pattern was created.
Unfortunately, in the interwar period, there was a difficult time for Broholers. Diseases to which dogs became susceptible to a frequent crossing of closely related individuals contributed to the fall of the breed. In addition, large dogs have become less fashionable due to the high cost of maintaining them. After the war, the breed was considered extinct.
In 1974, a lover of the breed Jette Weis published an article entitled “On the Trolls of Broilers” and began looking for dogs that conform to the model from 1886. During the reconstruction of the breed, it turned out that broholmers are found not only in the preferred fawn coat at the courts, but also in black. The latter could be found mainly in hunters and foresters. In the same year, the Committee for National and Forgotten Breeds was established at DKK (Danish Kennel Club).
Until recently, there was a total ban on broholmer exports outside Denmark. In 1982, the FCI approved the breed standard, and since 2001 it is possible to sell dogs to other countries, but subject to numerous conditions.
To become the owner of a broholmer, you must sign up for a Danish club club. The price of the puppy is set in advance and the buyer must undertake in writing to comply with the club’s requirements. The price includes a premium for the club of the breed and a deposit for future x-rays, mental tests and exterior inspection.
Broholmer – group II FCI, section 2.1, reference number 315
Country of origin: Denmark
Character: balanced, calm, friendly, alert and brave
Size: dogs – min. 75 cm, bitches – min. 70 cm
Weight: dogs 50-70 kg, bitches 40-60 kg
Coat: short and hard
Color: fawn in various shades or black; white markings on the chest, feet and tail are allowed
Lifespan: 10-12 years
Activity: needs a lot of traffic
Resistance / susceptibility to diseases : resistant; Like any large dog, it is susceptible to hip and elbow dysplasia, but mandatory examinations help control these problems
Possibility to buy a puppy : to buy a puppy, you must become a member of a Danish club club and commit to comply with its rules
King Frederick VII and Princess Danner were a great fan of dogs of this breed.
The Danish breed club has a very restrictive breeding policy. Initially, only males were sold abroad. The female, who came to Poland, was the first puppy legally sold abroad.